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Effects of more stringent sulfur requirements

Project Number: 359

Project Leader: Inge Vierth

Start Date: 2014-02-01

End Date: 2014-12-31

Background/Research Question The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has decided more stringent sulfur requirements for marine fuel in the sulphur emissions control area (SECA) from 2015. The SECA comprises the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the English Channel. The new regulations are assumed to lead to higher sea transport costs and VTI has analyzed the impacts of these cost increases on the Swedish freight transports. One key question is to what extent mode shifts from sea to land can be expected. A large amount of scenarios has been studied as both the technical and the economic development, related to the sulfur directive and the taxes and fees for the other modes, is uncertain. Simulations have been carried out with help of the national transport model Samgods. One study was carried out on behalf the Maritime Administration (Vierth, Lord & Mellin, 2009) and another for Transport analysis (Vierth, Mellin & Karlsson, 2013). Both studies have been published as Swedish r

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